The emerald-spotted wood-dove (Turtur chalcospilos) is a small and common species of pigeon found in sub-Saharan Africa. It reaches an average length of 20 cm (8 in). It is characterized by its metallic green patches on the folded wings, which have given it its name. Neck, back and wings are a dull greyish brown. Head is bluish grey. Underparts and throat are pinkish. It also has two very visible black bands on the back between the folded wings. Sexes are similar but females might be slightly duller. The green spots are duller on juvenile birds.
The emerald-spotted wood-dove is found in many habitats but does not like arid areas and rainforests. Preferred habitats are dry closed woodlands, open woodlands, sand forests and savannas. It is also found in orchards and gardens. Most of its foraging is done on the ground. It feeds on seeds, fallen fruit and small invertebrates.
It builds a small nest which is placed in a tree, a bush or on an aloe 0.5-6 m above ground. It is usually a platform made out of stems, roots and twigs. 1-2 eggs are laid and incubated mainly by the female for about 17 days. The chicks leave the nest after 15-17 days.